Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP) has taken the flooring industry by storm, offering a perfect blend of aesthetics, durability, and affordability. However, navigating the world of luxury vinyl plank can be like entering a new language, with a multitude of terms, phrases, and jargon that may seem overwhelming at first. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll unravel the commonly used words and phrases associated with luxury vinyl plank, empowering you to make informed decisions about your flooring choices. You can view more information about luxury vinyl on our main page for Cordalera floors here. You can also view our luxury vinyl collection Enduro & Enduro Max for more information on specific products.

Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP): The Foundation of the Language

Luxury Vinyl Flooring: A category of resilient flooring that mimics the look of natural materials like wood or stone. Within this category, Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP) specifically replicates the appearance of hardwood flooring, offering a cost-effective alternative with added benefits such as water resistance and easy maintenance.

LVP Thickness: Luxury vinyl planks come in various thicknesses, typically ranging from 2mm to 8mm. Thicker planks may offer enhanced durability and better resistance to wear and tear.

Wear Layer: The wear layer is the topmost protective surface of the luxury vinyl plank. It shields the flooring from scratches, stains, and UV rays. The thickness of the wear layer is a critical factor in determining the plank’s durability.

Visuals and Aesthetics: Mimicking Natural Materials

Wood-look LVP: Luxury vinyl plank often replicates the look of natural wood, capturing the warmth and charm of hardwood flooring. The visual design includes realistic wood grain patterns (much like our engineered hardwood flooring), knots, and color variations.

Stone-look LVP: In addition to wood, luxury vinyl plank can mimic the appearance of natural stone, such as marble or slate. This broadens the design possibilities for various spaces within a home.

Embossing: Embossing refers to the texture applied to the surface of luxury vinyl planks to simulate the feel of real wood or stone. High-quality LVP often features realistic embossing that enhances the visual authenticity of the flooring.

Installation Methods: Tailoring to Your Space

Click and Lock: A popular installation method for luxury vinyl plank, where individual planks have interlocking edges that click and lock into place. This method is known for its ease of installation, making it a favorite among DIY enthusiasts.

Glue-Down Installation: In this method, luxury vinyl planks are adhered directly to the subfloor using a specially formulated adhesive. Glue-down installations provide a stable and permanent floor, particularly in high-traffic areas.

Floating Installation: Luxury vinyl planks can be installed without adhesive, creating a “floating” floor that rests on the subfloor. This method is often used in residential settings and allows for easy removal or replacement of individual planks.

Core Construction: The Backbone of LVP

WPC (Wood Plastic Composite): A type of luxury vinyl plank with a core composed of wood fiber or wood flour combined with thermoplastics. WPC planks are known for their stability, resistance to moisture, and comfort underfoot.

SPC (Stone Plastic Composite): An alternative to WPC, SPC luxury vinyl planks have a core made of natural limestone powder and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). SPC planks are highly rigid, making them suitable for commercial spaces and areas with heavy foot traffic.

Rigid Core: A term used to describe luxury vinyl planks with a reinforced core, either WPC or SPC, that provides added stability and resistance to subfloor imperfections.

Underlayment: Enhancing Comfort and Performance

Underlayment: An optional layer installed between the luxury vinyl plank and the subfloor to provide additional cushioning, sound insulation, and moisture resistance. The choice of underlayment can influence the overall comfort and performance of the flooring.

Attached Underlayment: Some luxury vinyl planks come with an integrated underlayment, simplifying the installation process and providing built-in cushioning.

Waterproof and Water-Resistant LVP: Addressing Moisture Concerns

Waterproof LVP: Luxury vinyl plank with waterproof properties is designed to resist water penetration, making it suitable for areas prone to moisture, such as bathrooms and kitchens.

Water-Resistant LVP: While not completely impervious to water, water-resistant luxury vinyl plank can withstand limited exposure to moisture without sustaining damage. This makes it suitable for areas with occasional spills.

Vinyl vs. Laminate: Luxury vinyl plank and laminate flooring are often compared, but it’s crucial to note that while LVP is inherently water-resistant or waterproof, laminate is not, as it is made of fiberboard.

Transition Strips and Molding: Creating Seamless Transitions

Transition Strips: These are used to create smooth transitions between different flooring types or between rooms with different flooring heights. Common types include T-molding, reducer strips, and threshold molding.

End Cap: Also known as a square nose or baby threshold, an end cap is used to transition from luxury vinyl plank to a fixed object, such as a fireplace or sliding glass door.

Flush Stair Nose: This molding is designed for stair edges, providing a finished and flush transition between the luxury vinyl plank and the stair tread.

Cleaning and Maintenance: Preserving Longevity

Sweep, Vacuum, and Damp Mop: Routine cleaning methods to maintain the beauty of luxury vinyl plank. Regular sweeping or vacuuming removes dirt and debris, while damp mopping with a recommended vinyl floor cleaner helps keep the surface clean without excessive moisture.

Avoid Harsh Chemicals: To preserve the finish and appearance of luxury vinyl plank, it’s essential to avoid using harsh cleaning agents or excessive water. Stick to products specifically designed for vinyl floors.

Furniture Pads: Placing felt or rubber pads under furniture legs helps prevent scratches and dents on the surface of luxury vinyl plank.


As you embark on the journey of selecting and installing luxury vinyl plank flooring, understanding the commonly used words, phrases, and jargon is a valuable asset. From the thickness and wear layer to installation methods, core construction, and maintenance considerations, each term plays a crucial role in shaping the overall performance and aesthetics of your flooring. Armed with this knowledge, you can confidently navigate the world of luxury vinyl plank, making informed decisions that align with your style preferences, lifestyle, and the unique requirements of each space in your home.